It is said that reptiles are solar powered. It is because they need sunlight for survival. Without quality light, these animals’ survival is jeopardized. If you have reptiles in captivity, you will need a source of artificial light with similar qualities as those of the natural light. To ensure that your pet reptile is comfortable and healthy, one of the things that you should consider is getting them an artificial source of light. This ensures that they have access to enough UVB light that their bodies can use for calcium synthesis.
Effects of Light to Reptiles
Sunlight’s spectrum is made up of UVC, UVB and UVA lights which are a subdivision of UV light. It is also made up of the visible light UVB and UVC short wavelength lights are very dangerous to the eyes and the skin of the animal. These rays are blocked by the atmosphere from. Infrared red refers to the radiation from the sun and animals busk under this light and absorb most of it to their skin. Heat mats and ceramic heaters are only known to produce infrared light while incandescent lamps act as a source of visible and infrared light. At times, some incandescent red lamps used for reptile basking are referred to as infra-red lamps. However, they only emit the visible light which is red in colour.
Moreover, the sensitive red cone in a number of nocturnal geckos. However, they can respond to light using the green responsive cone that certainly responds to the red light. Research indicates that some of these geckos can make use of their cones to perceive colours in dim moonlight form of lights. It has also been said that sunlight has an effect on reptile’s conscious vision. The animals that have the parietal third eye, as well as the reptile’s eyes, help in the setting of circannual and circadian through their ability to transmit such info into the brain. Moreover, there exist some areas in the brain of the reptiles that have a direct response to sunlight when it strikes the skull. This process enables these animals to perceive the amount and intensity of blue in the light, the position of the sun in the sky and the length of the night and day which in return give the animal information about the exact time of the day as well as the season of the year. This essentially makes the animal adjust its behaviours accordingly such as thermoregulation needs and reproduction behaviours. This is also common for nocturnal animals which enables them to monitor both the nights and day from their hiding places.
Choose the right UV light
Unfortunately, the artificial sources of light can never provide an equal light spectrum to that of the natural light. This means that their natural light is far better than artificial light for gecko. Therefore, the reptile owner must purpose to provide this animal with the appropriate form of light. If you have ever notice basking lizards, they always tend to flatten their body as much as they can in order to increase the surface area. Crepuscular and shade dweller species have a thin and translucent skin to absorb maximum light while turtles and tortoise bask with their legs and neck extended. They all do this because sunlight has a direct impact on their body through the skin.
It is known that UVB light helps to improve the animal’s immune system. It is also associated with the stimulation of beta-endorphins which creates the good feel factor of the sun. Moreover, it is essential in the synthesis of vitamin D3 when the sunlight wavelength ranges between 290 -315 monometers. This type of wavelength of however tends to be blocked by the atmosphere plastic and glass which means that for the wavelength to reach the expected range the sun must be fairly high in the sky. This vitamin helps in the synthesis of calcium found in the food the animal consumes which in return creates a strong skeletal structure.
Reptiles require enough amount of sunlight in order to survive. They are able to adjust their breeding and other behaviours accordingly when they receive enough amount of UVB light for reptile. If they do not have access to the natural light, you should look for artificial sources of light. This is because apart from changing their behavioural patterns, this light is needed by the animal to synthesize and absorb calcium in foods. Essentially, the calcium helps in building a very strong skeletal structure